Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs)

  • Goal 1: End poverty in all its forms everywhere.
  • Goal 2: End hunger, achieve food security and improved nutrition and promote sustainable agriculture
  • Goal 3: Ensure healthy lives and promote well-being for all at all ages
  • Goal 4: Ensure inclusive and equitable quality education and promote lifelong learning opportunities for all
  • Goal 5: Achieve gender equality and empower all women and girls
  • Goal 6: Ensure availability and sustainable management of water and sanitation for all
  • Goal 7: Ensure access to affordable, reliable, sustainable and modern energy for all
  • Goal 8: Promote sustained, inclusive and sustainable economic growth, full and productive employment and decent work for all
  • Goal 9: Build resilient infrastructure, promote inclusive and sustainable industrialization and foster innovation
  • Goal 10: Reduce inequality within and among countries
  • Goal 11: Make cities and human settlements inclusive, safe, resilient and sustainable
  • Goal 12: Ensure sustainable consumption and production patterns
  • Goal 13: Take urgent action to combat climate change and its impacts
  • Goal 14: Conserve and sustainably use the oceans, seas and marine resources
  • Goal 15: Protect, restore and promote sustainable use of terrestrial ecosystems, sustainably manage forests, combat desertification, halt and reverse land degradation and halt biodiversity loss
  • Goal 16: Promote peaceful and inclusive societies, provide access to justice for all and build effective, accountable and inclusive institutions
  • Goal 17: Strengthen the means of implementation and revitalize the global partnership for sustainable development
  • Goal 1: End poverty in all its forms everywhere.

    Goal 1: End poverty in all its forms everywhere.

    • Globally, the number of people living in extreme poverty has declined by more than half from 1.9 billion in 1990. However, 836 million people still live in extreme poverty. About one in five persons in developing regions lives on less than $1.25 per day.
    • Southern Asia and sub-Saharan Africa are home to the overwhelming majority of people living in extreme poverty.
    • High poverty rates are often found in small, fragile and conflict-affected countries.
    • One in four children under age five in the world has inadequate height for his or her age.
  • Goal 2: End hunger, achieve food security and improved nutrition and promote sustainable agriculture

    Goal 2: End hunger, achieve food security and improved nutrition and promote sustainable agriculture

    • The vast majority of the world’s hungry people live in developing countries, where 12.9% of the population is undernourished.
    • Sub-Saharan Africa is the region with the highest prevalence (percentage of population) of hunger.
    • 66 million primary school-age children in developing countries attend classes hungry, with 23 million in Africa alone.
  • Goal 3: Ensure healthy lives and promote well-being for all at all ages

    Goal 3: Ensure healthy lives and promote well-being for all at all ages

    • 17,000 fewer children die each day than in 1990, but more than six million children still die before their fifth birthday each year.
    • Despite global progress, an increasing proportion of child deaths are in sub-Saharan Africa and Southern Asia. Four out of every five deaths of children under age five occur in these regions.
    • Only half of women in developing regions receive the recommended amount of health care.
  • Goal 4: Ensure inclusive and equitable quality education and promote lifelong learning opportunities for all

    Goal 4: Ensure inclusive and equitable quality education and promote lifelong learning opportunities for all

    • Enrolment in primary education in developing countries has reached 91%, but 57 million children remain out of school.
    • More than half of children who have not enrolled in school live in sub-Saharan Africa.
    • An estimated 50% of out-of-school children of primary school age live in conflict-affected areas.
    • Children in the poorest households are 4 times as likely to be out of school as children in the richest households.
  • Goal 5: Achieve gender equality and empower all women and girls

    Goal 5: Achieve gender equality and empower all women and girls

    • In sub-Saharan Africa, Oceania and Western Asia, girls still face barriers to entering both primary and secondary school.
    • Women in Northern Africa hold less than one in five paid jobs in the non-agricultural sector.
    • In 46 countries, women now hold more than 30% of seats in national parliament in at least one chamber.
  • Goal 6: Ensure availability and sustainable management of water and sanitation for all

    Goal 6: Ensure availability and sustainable management of water and sanitation for all

    • In 2015, 91% of the global population is using an improved drinking water source, compared to 76% in 1990.
    • However, 2.5 billion people lack access to basic sanitation services, such as toilets or latrines.
    • Each day, an average of 5,000 children die due to preventable water and sanitation-related diseases.
  • Goal 7: Ensure access to affordable, reliable, sustainable and modern energy for all

    Goal 7: Ensure access to affordable, reliable, sustainable and modern energy for all

    • 1.3 billion people – one in five globally – still lack access to modern electricity.
    • Energy is the dominant contributor to climate change, accounting for around 60% of total global greenhouse gas emissions.
    • Energy from renewable resources – wind, water, solar, biomass and geothermal energy – is inexhaustible and clean. Renewable energy currently constitutes 15% of the global energy mix.
  • Goal 8: Promote sustained, inclusive and sustainable economic growth, full and productive employment and decent work for all

    Goal 8: Promote sustained, inclusive and sustainable economic growth, full and productive employment and decent work for all

    • Global unemployment increased from 170 million in 2007 to nearly 202 million in 2012, of which about 75 million are young women and men.
    • Nearly 2.2 billion people live below the US$2 poverty line and poverty eradication is only possible through stable and well-paid jobs.
    • 470 million jobs are needed globally for new entrants to the labour market between 2016 and 2030.
  • Goal 9: Build resilient infrastructure, promote inclusive and sustainable industrialization and foster innovation

    Goal 9: Build resilient infrastructure, promote inclusive and sustainable industrialization and foster innovation

    • About 2.6 billion people in the developing world are facing difficulties in accessing electricity full time.
    • 2.5 billion people worldwide lack access to basic sanitation and almost 800 million people lack access to water, many hundreds of millions of them in sub-Saharan Africa and South Asia.
    • For many African countries, particularly the lower- income countries, infrastructure constraints affect company productivity by around 40%.
  • Goal 10: Reduce inequality within and among countries

    Goal 10: Reduce inequality within and among countries

    • On average – and taking into account population size – income inequality increased by 11% in developing countries between 1990 and 2010.
    • A significant majority of households in developing countries – more than 75% – are living today in societies where income is more unequally distributed than it was in the 1990s.
    • Children in the poorest 20% of the population are still up to three times more likely to die before their fifth birthday than children in the richest quintiles.
  • Goal 11: Make cities and human settlements inclusive, safe, resilient and sustainable

    Goal 11: Make cities and human settlements inclusive, safe, resilient and sustainable

    • Half of humanity – 3.5 billion people – lives in cities today. By 2030, almost 60% of the world’s population will live in urban areas.
    • 828 million people live in slums today and the number keeps rising.
    • Cities have the potential to either dissipate the distribution of energy or optimise their efficiency by reducing energy consumption and adopting green – energy systems. For instance, Rizhao, China has turned itself into a solar – powered city; in its central districts, 99% of households already use solar water heaters.
  • Goal 12: Ensure sustainable consumption and production patterns

    Goal 12: Ensure sustainable consumption and production patterns

    • 1.3 billion tonnes of food are wasted every year.
    • If people worldwide switched to energy-efficient lightbulbs, the world would save US$120 billion annually.
    • Should the global population reach 9.6 billion by 2050, the equivalent of almost three planets could be required to provide the natural resources needed to sustain current lifestyles.
  • Goal 13: Take urgent action to combat climate change and its impacts

    Goal 13: Take urgent action to combat climate change and its impacts

    • The greenhouse gas emissions from human activities are driving climate change and continue to rise. They are now at their highest levels in history. Global emissions of carbon dioxide have increased by almost 50% since 1990.
    • Each of the last three decades has been successively warmer at the Earth’s surface than any preceding decade since 1850.
    • It is still possible, using an array of technological measures and changes in behaviour, to limit the increase in global mean temperature to two degrees Celsius above pre-industrial levels.
  • Goal 14: Conserve and sustainably use the oceans, seas and marine resources

    Goal 14: Conserve and sustainably use the oceans, seas and marine resources

    • Oceans, which cover three-quarters of the Earth’s surface, absorb about 30% of carbon dioxide produced by humans, buffering the impacts of global warming.
    • Oceans serve as the world’s largest source of protein, with more than 3 billion people depending on the oceans as their primary source.
    • As much as 40% of world oceans are heavily affected by human activities, including pollution, depleted fisheries, and loss of coastal habitats.
  • Goal 15: Protect, restore and promote sustainable use of terrestrial ecosystems, sustainably manage forests, combat desertification, halt and reverse land degradation and halt biodiversity loss

    Goal 15: Protect, restore and promote sustainable use of terrestrial ecosystems, sustainably manage forests, combat desertification, halt and reverse land degradation and halt biodiversity loss

    • Thirteen million hectares of forests are being lost every year.
    • Around 1.6 billion people depend on forests for their livelihood. This includes some 70 million indigenous people.
    • 2.6 billion people depend directly on agriculture, but 52% of the land used for agriculture is moderately or severely affected by soil degradation.
  • Goal 16: Promote peaceful and inclusive societies, provide access to justice for all and build effective, accountable and inclusive institutions

    Goal 16: Promote peaceful and inclusive societies, provide access to justice for all and build effective, accountable and inclusive institutions

    • The number of refugees of concern to the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) stood at 13 million in mid-2014, up from a year earlier.
    • Corruption, bribery, theft and tax evasion cost some US $1.26 trillion for developing countries per year.
    • The rate of children leaving primary school in conflict-affected countries reached 50% in 2011, which amounts to 28.5 million children.
  • Goal 17: Strengthen the means of implementation and revitalize the global partnership for sustainable development

    Goal 17: Strengthen the means of implementation and revitalize the global partnership for sustainable development

    • Official development assistance (ODA) stood at approximately $135 billion in 2014.
    • In 2014, 79% of imports from developing countries entered developed countries duty-free.
    • 30% of the world’s youth are digital natives, active online for at least five years.