HIV & AIDS in Tanzania’s Congested Prisons is alarming

The HIV epidemic has struck prisons and other places of detention around the world with particular severity. International data shows that HIV prevalence among prisoners is between six to fifty times higher than of that of the general adult population. According to the Legal and Human Rights Centre’s report of 2008, in Tanzania the current number of inmates is over 45,000, while prison facilities have the capacity to accommodate only 22,669. Of these inmates, it is estimated that approximately 9.2 per cent are infected with HIV, including both men and women.     Unfortunately, the increase in inmates in the prisons has not translated into improved prison infrastructures to accommodate the congestion. Rather they remain as they were fifty years ago.  It has been observed that many released inmates return to prison due to delays in sentencing, repeated mistakes, or lack of alternative sentencing. As a result, prisons are overcrowded beyond their standard...

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"The World is Over Armed and Peace is Under-Funded"

    Last month, competing interests prevented agreement on a much-needed treaty that would have reduced the appalling human cost of the poorly regulated international arms trade.  Meanwhile, nuclear disarmament efforts remain stalled, despite strong and growing global popular sentiment in support of this cause.  The failure of these negotiations and this month’s anniversaries of the atomic bombings at Hiroshima and Nagasaki provide a good opportunity to explore what has gone wrong, why disarmament and arms control have proven so difficult to achieve, and how the world community can get back on track towards these vitally important goals. Many defence establishments now recognize that security means far more than protecting borders.  Grave security...

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Tanzania 2012 Census Information

  WHAT IS A POPULATION CENSUS? The United Nations defines a POPULATION CENSUS as the total process of collecting, compiling, evaluating, analyzing and publishing or otherwise disseminating demographic, economic, and social data pertaining, at a specified time, to all persons in a country or in a well delimited part of a country. Modern censuses have incorporated the housing component to collect information on housing conditions and household amenities and assets.  In a nutshell a Population Census is the complete count of persons in a country or any defined part of it with reference to a specific pint in time. It provides the following key information necessary for decision making at all levels: How many are we? What/who are we? Where/how do we live? What are...

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World Investment Report launched

Tanzania attracts over $1.1bn FDI  Tanzania took the lead in attracting Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) in the East African region during the past 12 months, attracting the record of $1.1 billion (Sh1.76 trillion), the 2012 World Investment Report shows. According to the report between June 2011 and June 2012, Tanzania overtook Kenya- the region’s biggest economy, indicating the high confidence among foreign investors in Tanzania. The latest World Investment Report (WIR) by the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD) focusing on the past twelve months ending in June 2012, shows that for the past three years, Tanzania has attracted about 47 percent of all FDI flows in the five East African countries. Speaking during the event...

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Turning the tide together on HIV – a human rights imperative

  Navi Pillay, UN High Commissioner for Human Rights on the International AIDS Conference 2012 The world’s collective response to HIV three decades ago can be summed up in one word: shameful. At worst, people living with HIV were, inexplicably, chained to their beds, detained, turned away from medical facilities, criminalised and deported. At best, they lost their jobs, were kicked out of schools and denied access to basic services. We responded to a virus by humiliating, stigmatising and punishing those infected. Our response to the virus was as painful, and sometimes as deadly as the virus itself. Fortunately, impressive strides have since been made in the fight against HIV. In the last few years, major scientific advances have occurred and the number of new...

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Movement For Change - Rio+20 op-ed by Ban Ki Moon

This week, world leaders gather for a momentous occasion — the United Nations Conference on Sustainable Development in Rio de Janeiro. Will it be a success? In my opinion, yes. To be sure, the negotiations have been lengthy. Even now there is more disagreement than agreement on the details of the so-called “outcome document” that will emerge. Yet that will not be the defining measure. Far more important is what the Rio conference has already accomplished. And that is to build a global movement for change. Rio+20 is a milestone on a long road. The famous 1992 Earth Summit put sustainable development on the global agenda. Today, we have come to a broader and more nuanced understanding of this age-old imperative: how to better balance the development needs of a...

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2012 Africa Human Development Report finds over 200 million Africans are malnourished

According to the 2012 Africa Human Development Report (HDR), one in four Africans— around 218 million people — are undernourished and Tanzania is among the worst performing countries. Tanzanian children under18 represent an alarming 42 per cent of the malnourished. These and other data were revealed at the 2012 HDR report launch by the United Nations through its agency UNDP on 25 May in Dar es Salaam. Launching the report, the Deputy Minister of Finance Janet Mbene, who was the guest of honor said that despite the fact that some of the world’s fastest growing economies over the last decade are in Africa, the majority of African people remain poor. As for Tanzania, she said, agriculture has the potential to advance the country’s objectives of food security...

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